Module 5 Outcome A: The student can differentiate between compliance and non-compliance of health and safety regulations.
- 170-297-3200 Health plan.
- 170-297-4800 Pet and other animal policy.
High quality programs promote safe and healthy environments where children can thrive and grow. Children depend upon the adults in their lives to make healthful choices for them and to teach them to make smart choices for themselves.
Health policies are guidelines that support you in maintaining a climate of wellness by promoting healthy behaviors and preventing the spread of disease. The policies ensure that safe and appropriate health practices are in place. They also help to guide decision making about how to manage confusing or difficult situations. All licensed child care programs must have written health policies and procedures.
Written health policies must be signed by a physician, physician’s assistant, registered nurse, or public health nurse. The policy must be reviewed and approved whenever any changes are made in your health practices or procedures, but at least every three years (usually at re-licensing time).
- You should not accept a child for care before the parent signs the medical emergency authorization form.
- The medical emergency authorization form should be with the child at all times they are in your care. This includes field trips.
What kind of health policies and procedures must I have?
You must have written health policies and procedures that are:
* Written in a clear and easily understood manner
* Shared with all new staff during orientation
* Posted for staff and families to review, and
* Reviewed, signed and dated by a physician, a physician’s assistant or registered nurse when you change your policies and procedures or type of care that you provide, or at least every three years when you are due for re-licensing. (For example, if you go from caring for children from twelve months and older to caring for infants, you must update your health policies and procedures and have them reviewed and signed.)
Your health policies and procedures must have information regarding how you plan to:
* Provide general cleaning of areas including but not limited to the bathrooms, floors, walls, and doorknobs
* Clean and sanitize areas including but not limited to food contact surfaces, kitchen equipment, diapering areas, toys, toileting equipment and areas, equipment that might be shared with several children such as sleep mats, cribs or high chairs
* Prevent, manage and report communicable diseases
* Handle minor injuries such as nosebleeds, scrapes and bruises
* Provide first aid
* Screen children daily for illnesses
* Notify parents that children have been exposed to infectious diseases and parasites
* Handle minor illnesses
* Handle major injuries and medical emergencies that require emergency medical treatment or hospitalization
* Manage medication
* Assist with handwashing and general hygiene including diapering and toileting
* Handle food
* Provide nutritious meals and snacks
* Respond during any disasters
* Care for children that may have special needs
* Care for infants and obtain infant nurse consultation (if licensed for four or more infants), and
* Place infants to sleep on their backs to reduce the risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS).
Your health policies and procedures must have information on when you plan to:
* Require ill children to stay home and for how long
* Allow the ill child to return, and
* Call a parent to pick up their child and how you will care for the child until the parent arrives."
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